The end of February marks the start of a study of Canada's government (and official symbols) for a group of grade 4s. This page of the wiki features links to related information and activities as well as our some of their wonders and findings.



Light_Bulb.gifThink We Know: (These will be crossed out if we discover they aren't facts and highlighted if they are facts!)

-people in hospitals are allowed to vote
-people in prison are not allowed to vote
-people in prison are allowed to vote
-voting is a fair way to decide things; having one person decide isn't fair
-you have to live in Canada for 6 months to vote (there are other requirements, too)
-Canada was discovered in 1866
-Canada was a country in the 1800s (Canada's confederation date = July 1, 1867)
-laws are important
-jails are for people that break (certain) laws
-Canada's animal is the snowy owl / the beaver / whale (the beaver is an official symbol of Canada; Canada has a national horse called the Canadian Horse)
-Manitoba's provincial animal is the beaver (Manitoba doesn't have a provincial animal)
-you have to be 18 years old (or older) to vote
-when someone votes, if they vote two times (make two Xs accidentally on their ballot), they can ask for a new ballot
-the maple leaf is on Canada's flag; it's a national symbol
-we sing O Canada everyday at school because we have to it's a sign of respect and a tradition for our country
-the person that wrote O Canada was French
-O Canada was written 40 years ago
-Canada's official colours are red and white
-Canada's flag turned 49 on Feb. 15, 2014
-the government of Canada is 43 years old (see answer above about Confederation in 1867)
-Canada's official games are hockey (winter) and lacrosse (summer)
-the government leader of Canada is Steven Stephen Harper
-Manitoba was the first province to allow women to vote
-people get to vote for who the government will be
-Mayor Sam Katz is the mayor of Winnipeg
-the police are in the government (government is responsible for the police - there are federal and municipal and sometimes provincial police forces)
-water and sewer is a provincial municipal responsibility
-poutine was invented in Quebec (poutine = fries with gravy and cheese curds)


Light_Bulb.gifWonder: (We'll add answers as we uncover them!)

Why is the maple leaf a symbol?
-the maple leaf represents the early settlers of Canada and our forests

Who made the flag and colours?
Who designed the Canadian flag?
-the flag we know today, was declared our flag on Feb. 15, 1965; it didn't always look like that; the prime Minister of Canada at that time (Lester B. Pearson) wanted a new flag to represent Canada (talk of a new flag and a search for one started back in 1925); there was a contest where citizens were invited to send in designs; we didn't find out who submitted the design but we know that a few style changes were made (e.g. the shape of the maple leaf and the number of points on it)

Who wrote the national anthem, O Canada?
-Calixa Lavallee, a composer from Quebec wrote it in 1880; it became our national anthem on July 1, 1980; the English version was written in 1908 by Robert Stanley Weir from Ontario

Are R.C.M.P. officers always in red suits?
-the red tunic (jacket) is their formal wear - it's considered their traditional uniform but not their everyday uniform

Why is our country called Canada?
-Canada comes from the Huron-Iroquois word "Kanata" which means "village or settlement"

How old do you have to be to run in a (federal) election?
-18 years old

Who is Winnipeg's mayor?
-Mayor Sam Katz

Do rules send people to jail?
-there are some laws in Canada that if broken (and a person is found guilty), they will be sentenced to jail

Who takes care of our economy?
-government

Who discovered Canada?
How was Canada created?
When was Canada created? (How old is it?)
-this is a tricky question - aboriginal people inhabited what is now referred to as Canada for many years before Europeans discovered the land

Is the government responsible for clean water? (the water in my house is grey right now)
-the municipal government is responsible for water and sewer

Who helps our Prime Minister, Steven Harper?
-elected officials and government workers

Is Canada the biggest country in the world?
-Canada is the 2nd largest country in the world (area-wise)

Is the narwhal a provincial animal?
-it isn't a provincial (or territorial animal) but it is on the coat of arms of Nunavut and of the Northwest Territories

Who invented hockey? Who was the first hockey player?
-it is thought to have originated around 1800 in Windsor, Ontario; it had been played in various forms for many years before that

Are there more official sports?
-Canada's only 2 official sports are hockey (winter) and lacrosse (summer)

Why is Winnipeg Manitoba's capital city?
-it was important to Manitoba's history; many people lived there

Is the rose a national symbol?
-no, but it is the floral emblem/symbol of the province of Alberta (the wild rose)

Who discovered the first dinosaur bone in Canada?
-??




Elections

Election Words Word Search - Citizen Next (election words word search)
Time Machine Game - Citizen Next (learn about voting and elections in Manitoba through history)
Know the Vote Board Game - Citizen Next (Know the Vote Board Game - test your knowledge of voting)
Easy Guide to Voting - Citizen Next (all about voting)
Easy Guide to Voting: Election Words Explained - Citizen Next (election words)
Race to the Voting Box Maze Game - Gov't of Canada - Immigration & Citizenship (learn about the documents and info required to vote; find these in a maze...work quickly, you're being timed!)


Government

How Canadians Govern Themselves (Parliamentary Puzzle (assemble the pieces then click on each to learn a bit more about each level)
How Canadians Govern Themselves (Follow that Bill) (learn how a bill becomes a law)
How Does Canada's System of Government Affect Me? (Parliament of Canada) (explore the city scene; use your mouse to hover over a building to see what it is; click and drag the federal, provincial and municipal flags to each building's flag pole when you think you know which level of government is responsible for it)
How Canadians Govern Themselves (A Working Day in the Senate/ A Working Day in the House of Commons)
Confederation Timeline - Gov't of Canada Immigration & Citizenship (drag and drop the flags of the 10 provinces and 3 territories in the order of when they joined confederation)


Citizenship

Canadian Citizenship Test Questions



Symbols

Official Symbols of Canada
Provincial & Territorial Symbols of Canada


Other

Canada's 150th Anniversary (this is the home page for Canada's 150th anniversary in 2017

Websites to Support the Curriculum

(Source for all links in this section (except the last one): http://www.edu.gov.mb.ca/k12/cur/socstud/supporting/4-2.html)

Grade 4: Cluster 2: Living in Canada

Learning Experience: 4.2.1 Symbols, Monuments, and Important Days
Provincial: Manitoba Legislative Building http://www.gov.mb.ca/legtour/

Learning Experience: 4.2.2 Canadian Citizenship
Canadian Citizenship http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/citizenship/index.asp
Our Voices.ca: Stories http://www.ourvoices.ca/index/ourvoices-browse-action

Learning Experience: 4.2.5 Government
Manitoba Legislative Building Tour http://www.gov.mb.ca/legtour/
How Canadians Govern Themselves:http://www.parl.gc.ca/information/library/idb/forsey/index-e.asp
About Parliament: http://www.parl.gc.ca/common/AboutParl_Process.asp?Language=E
The Prime Minister: First Among Equals: http://www.nlc-bnc.ca/2/9/index-e.html

Learning Experience: 4.2.6 Elected Leaders
Federal Leaders:
Assembly of First Nations http://www.afn.ca/
Métis National Council: www.metisnation.ca/
Provincial:
Province of Manitoba http://www.gov.mb.ca/index.html
Manitoba Métis Federation: www.mmf.mb.ca/
Municipal:
City of Winnipeg

Teacher Resources

http://www.edu.gov.mb.ca/k12/cur/socstud/foundation_gr4/cluster2.pdf (curriculum document)


http://www.elections.ca/content.aspx?section=vot&dir=yth/lin&document=index&lang=e (scroll down to see links to elections websites/info for each province and territory)

http://www.democracy-democratie.ca/content.asp?document=home&lang=e (Canada's Democracy Week)


Interesting Facts About Canada