Grade 4 students in Room 3 investigated Canada's North. This page was used to show student wonders and findings. Highlighted info includes answers to our questions/wonders and/or additional facts that were found.


It means land that's north of the 60th parallel

It's very cold year-round (sometimes reaching -50c with windchill; occasionally reaching -60c)

Polar bears live there

People use snowmobiles to get around


What cultures are found there?


What languages ares spoken there?

English, Inuktitut

What types of stores/shopping is found there?

-there are stores but the size of them depends on the size of community

-food and supplies are very expensive there - a sea lift is done in late July when the sea ice melts (ship carrying large items/non-perishables); through the year other supplies arrive by plane

What types of vehicles do people use to get around (transportation)?

-sled dogs are used by some people

-canoes, kayaks when the ice has melted

-quads, snowmobiles, ATVs

-snowshoes (helpful for getting around in the snow)

What are the homes like?

-there are homes just like us - no basements though because of the permafrost (it's harder to build there because of the permafrost and because materials aren't easily available)

Do they use the same kinds of electronics as we do?

-television; computers

How do people earn a living? What are some jobs there?

-tourism, service jobs, resource related jobs

What types of foods do they eat?

-mussels (can be gather under the sea ice in the winter when the tide goes out), shrimp

-"Country Food" like caribou, fish, berries, geese, ptarmigan, whale blubber

-they don't have easy access to many of the foods we have and if they do they cost quite a bit more because they have to be shipped in and when they run out they have to be brought in by plane

What are their schools like?

-some schools look and are very much like ours

What types of music do they play/are they known for?/What musical instruments do they play?

-drum dancing, throat singing

What games/sports do they play?

-cross country skiing, snowboarding, hockey, badminton, basketball, curling, dog mushing

What are some stories and authors from the north?

-Michael Kusugak (children's author)

Are there any famous/well known people from the north?

What animals live there?

-sled dogs

-polar bear (at least 50% of the polar bears in the world live in Nunavut)

-caribou, whales, ptarmigan

What plants are found there?

-seaweed, grasses, wildflowers

-'shrubby/scrubby' shrubs

-trees don't grow there because of the permafrost

What is the weather like?

-cold in the winter - the sea ice is definitely thick enough to walk on

-3 months of warm weather followed by 9 months of freezing cold weather

Other Info...


-igloo = house of snow

-snow has to be just right for building an igloo - probes are pushed through the snow to make sure the snow is just right for building (not too hard, not too soft) -made from blocks of snow from the inside of the igloo

-to cut the blocks, a snow knife or hand saw is used

-blocks are added in a spiral (the first row is chiseled at an angle)

-righthanded people build igloos in a counter clockwise direction and lefthanded people build in a clockwise direction

-caribou skin may be on the floor of the igloo for warmth/sleeping

-1 or 2 people can make them

-igloos get built from the inside

-igloos have a hole at the top for heat control and there's a door that's closed with a block of snow and an opening just under the block for air to breathe; the door is just big enough to fit through

-the cracks were filled with snow to prevent any drafts (chinking)

-new igloos get made if the igloo gets dirty or they need to move

-a combo of wind and warmth from inside helps hold the blocks together

-from the outside it's strong enough to hold a man's weight

-it takes 40 minutes to a couple of days to build an igloo

Now... search for answers to your wonders!

pencil.pngBrowse any of the sites in the first group and jot down interesting findings... be sure to write the facts in your own words and remember to cite the source (for now just record the # of the site from the list below - #1 through 12). Happy searching! (We will be recording our findings above. We don't all agree with some of the things listed under "What we think we know". We will update these as we find out more about the North!)

Resources Used (in addition to the "Useful Websites" listed below):

Picture Books: (highlighted books have been used in class)

My Arctic 1, 2, 3, by Michael Arvaarluk Kusugak

Baseball Bats for Christmas, by Michael Arvaarluk Kusugak

The Littlest Sled Dog, by Michael Arvaarluk Kusugak

A Promise is a Promise, by Michael Arvaarluk Kusugak and Robert Munsch

The Gift of the Inuksuk, by Mike Ulmer

The Polar Bear's Gift, by Jeanne Bushey

Very Last First Time, by Jan Andrews

The Polar Bear Son: An Inuit Tale, by Lydia Dabcovich

Alego, by Ningeokuluk Teevee

Computer.pngMichael Kusugak's Website

Robert Munsch's Website


Baby That Became a Ptarmigan (lesson: don't leave babies unattended)

The Blind Boy and the Loon (lesson: treat others the way you want to be treated; be honest and kind; also teaches how the narwhal got it's tusk)

The Magic Water

Useful Sites:

(1) Exploring the North - Eco Kids (this first page provides a bit of background info, including: How much of Canada's land is considered "the North"? and How many people live in Canada's North?; click on any of the 3 tabs from that page for more info)

(2) The Inuit - Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada

(3) Community Profiles - Statistics Canada (select a province/territory and then community to view data from the 2006 census)

(4) Nunavut - Confederation - Gov't of Canada

(5) Animals Native to Canada - Canadian Geographic Kids (note that not all of the animals on this page are found in Canada's North)

(6) Nunavut Tourism (facts and info for travellers to Nunavut)

(7) Explore Nunavut (more tourism info)

(8) Visual Census - Statistics Canada (select a community, province or territory and click)

(9) The Face of Canada's North - 2Learn

Keys to History - Daily Life - McCord Museum (select "Inuit" and then drag and drop the objects that relate to the picture)

Northern Lights.JPG*Aurora Borealis - Aurora Page (photos of the Northern Lights/Aurora Borealis)

Sled Dog.JPG*Dog Sledding - Sled Dog Central

*A Game of Target Practice and Your Animal Self Game - Winnipeg Art Gallery

*Oral Storytelling /Oral Tradition - Winnipeg Art Gallery

Remember to use freeware on our school computers to work on the Canada Puzzle (practice naming and recognizing Canada's provinces and territories). Do you know all 3 territories?

(* = websites suggested by Manitoba Education to support the grade 4 S.S. curriculum)

Ipencils.gifnfo for Teachers:

Canada's North - Gr. 4 S.S. Curriculum - Manitoba Education

Blackline Masters to Support the Curriculum - Manitoba Education