North.JPGGrade 4 - Room 4

(April 2016)

Light_Bulb.gifWHAT DO WE THINK WE KNOW? (highlighted parts were found to be facts and we've crossed out info that were not facts!)


- in the north some of the the ice stays for all the seasons

-it's (very) cold there; it's windy there

-the weather is similar to ours

-the Northern Lights can be seen

-like everywhere on Earth, the sun gives energy and rain gives them water

-the sun is warm

-there is 24 hours of daylight around June - they need special blinds to keep out the daylight when sleeping


-Inuit live there

-Inuit made knives out of bones

-the Inuit used tipis in the Spring and igloos in the winter for shelter

-the Inuit have lived in Nunavut for thousands of years

-the Inuit believe that spirits exist in all things and creatures

-there are legends/stories, like Ookpik the Snowy Owl

-the Inuit lived off the land (they hunted seals, whales and caribou; they also fished); they ate the meat from these animals

-Santa lives in the North

-some written language looks like pictures


-some people live in igloos


-people use traditional hunting methods to hunt deer/other animals



-there are 3 territories in Canada (Canada's North): Nunavut, Yukon and Northwest Territories

-Nunavut is an Inuktituk word that means "our land"

-Nunavut sits between the Northwest Territories and Hudson Bay; Iqaluit is the capital city (Iqaluit means "many fish" in Inuktituk

-Nunavut covers 20%+ of Canada

-NWT became a territory on July 15, 1870; its tree = tamarack, flower = mountain aven, bird = gyrfalcon, gemstone = diamond, mineral = gold; 6 languages are spoken there

-the capital city of NWT is Yellowknife; it is the only city in NWT

-the Northwest Territories (NWT) split to become NWT and Nunavut

-European explorers travelled to the Arctic hoping to find a short route to China

-Yukon has the most gold in Canada; there are many gold mines there; gold was discovered in 1896, this was the beginning of the Klondike Gold Rush

-Yukon is beside America's (U.S.A.'s) Alaska

-grasses of all kinds grow well in the Arctic

-there are mountains there; Mount Logan is in one of the territories in Canada's North (Yukon) - it is the tallest mountain in Canada

-Yukon's official bird = raven, flower = fireweed; flag has green on it to represent the forests, blue stands for the rivers

-Yukon is named after the river; Yukon is an agwich'in word meaning "great river"

-Canada, Denmark and U.S.A. are debating who owns the Arctic

-the NWT's flag was made in 1969 - the design was a result of a Canada-wide contest; in the centre is their coat of arms, the white behind the shield represents snow and ice and the blue on the left and right represents plentiful of water

-the Yukon has gold on its flag

-Yukon had something called a Gold Rush

-the Yukon and Nunavut are north from Winnipeg

-Nunavut has many little islands

Animals + Plants

-both male and female caribou have antlers

-a male walrus can weigh up to 3000 pounds

-lynx are found in NWT

-Nunavut is home to about half the world's polar bear

-the long tusk on the head of a narwhal is actually a tooth

Inuit Museum.JPGFri. April 15/16: "Museum" of Inuit Items

-inuit items were placed throughout the room

-students rotated from item to item, making guesses about what each item was/was used for + a sketch of each, too

-next they read the fact card + recorded the name of the object + its purpose

Light_Bulb.gifWHAT DO WE WANT TO KNOW/WHAT DO WE WONDER? (highlighted info includes facts that we've located; this info will be added slowly... so what is seen below at any point in time is not complete!)


What happens in the summer... does the ice melt a bit?

Do they get rain in the north?

How cold does it get? What's the lowest (coldest) temperature?

Why is it so cold?

How warm does it get? Is it sunny?

What kind of weather do they have in Yukon?

Is it like Antarctica (e.g. night all day)?

What time zone are they in (e.g. when it's 6:00 pm in Winnipeg, what time is it there)?

What does the "land of the midnight sun" mean?


Why did the Inuit think spirits are in people and creatures?

What languages do they speak? Do they speak Icelandic? Is the language difficult to learn?

Does everyone speak all of the languages? Are the languages different than those spoken in Transcona?

What are the 6 different languages spoken in NWT?

Why do people in the Yukon tell stories about the raven?






Do people in the North hunt? How do they hunt? What are traditional hunting methods?

Do kids hunt?

Why do they hunt?

How did the Inuit make weapons?


What kind of manufacturing do they have? (fishing?)


What is their favourite sport?

Do they have televisions?

Daily Life

What are their schools like? Are they different than here?


Why was the Northwest Territories named that?

Did the Inuit name the territory?

How old is Nunavut? Was it one of the first territories to exist?

Was it difficult for Nunavut to become a territory?

Are there mountains there? What are some of their names?

Why are there so many mountains in Yukon?

How tall is Mount Logan?

How many grasses and plants grow there?

Is Mount Everest in Canada's North?

Why did they hold a contest for a design for the coat of arms for NWT?

Is gold rare to find in the Yukon?

Who discovered gold there? Who mines the gold there?

Are there islands in the north?

Are Inuksuk are used to mark good hunting spots?

Do people live on the islands in Nunavut?

Animals + Plants

Have any animals in Nunavut gone extinct?

Are there many animals there? What kinds? Do ducks live there?

What does a female walrus weigh?

Why do polar bears get killed?

Where do polar bears live?

What kinds of plants are there?

Who discovered and named the fireweed (Yukon's official flower)?

Are there lots of dogs?

How many moose live in the Yukon?

Sled Dog.JPGSled Dogs



How did the Inuit travel? Do they have cars? do they have ATVs?


Inuk = a person from the Northern Arctic (pronounced: Ee-nook)

Inuit = people (more than one Inuk) from the Northern Arctic (pronounced: Ee-noo-eet)

Inuksuk = a stone marker that acts in place of a human (pronounced: Ee-nook-sook)

Inuksuuk = 2 Inuksuk (pronounced: Ee-nook-SOOHK)

Inuksuit = 3 or more Inuksuk (pronounced: Ee-nook-sweet)

Inuksukkat = many little Inuksuit (pronounced: Ee-nook-sook-cut)

Inuktitut = the Inuit language (pronounced: Ee-nook-tee-toot)

(these facts came from, The Inusuk Book, by Mary Wallace)

-used to show the way home

-used to show places that aren't safe to go

-they guide people

-used to show good places to hunt

-made from rock and stones

-sticks were sometimes used to help point the arms

-inuksuk means in the image of man

-now in different parts of the world make them from wood and other things as decoration

(facts from, The Gift of the Inuksuk, by Nike Ulmer)

pencil.pngNow... search for answers to your wonders!

Browse any of the sites in the first group and jot down interesting findings... be sure to write the facts in your own words and remember to cite the source (for now just record the # of the site from the list below - #1 through 12). Happy searching! (We will be recording our findings above. We don't all agree with some of the things listed under "What we think we know". We will update these as we find out more about the North!)

Book.pngResources Used (in addition to the "Useful Websites" listed below):

Picture Books:

Very Last First Time, by Jan Andrews + Ian Wallace (today is the day Eva will walk all alone on the bottom of the frozen sea to gather mussels; she gets adventurous and risks getting out safely; lesson - be safe always, do your job and don't fool around

Painted Skies, by Carolyn Mallory

My Arctic 1, 2, 3, by Michael Arvaarluk Kusugak

Baseball Bats for Christmas, by Michael Arvaarluk Kusugak

The Littlest Sled Dog, by Michael Arvaarluk Kusugak

A Promise is a Promise, by Michael Arvaarluk Kusugak and Robert Munsch

The Gift of the Inuksuk, by Mike Ulmer

The Polar Bear's Gift, by Jeanne Bushey

The Polar Bear Son: An Inuit Tale, by Lydia Dabcovich

Alego, by Ningeokuluk Teevee

Videos (DVD):

The Magic Water

Computer.pngMichael Kusugak's Website

Robert Munsch's Website


Seal Boy - lesson - accept others, bullying/picking on someone isn't right

Kiviuq and His Goose Wife -accept others, family is important/be loyal to family

Baby That Became a Ptarmigan (lesson: don't leave babies unattended)

The Blind Boy and the Loon (lesson: treat others the way you want to be treated; be honest and kind; also teaches how the narwhal got it's tusk)

Computer.pngUseful Sites:

(1) Exploring the North - Eco Kids (this first page provides a bit of background info, including: How much of Canada's land is considered "the North"? and How many people live in Canada's North?; click on any of the 3 tabs from that page for more info - the links for these are also included below - #s 2, 3 and 4))

(2) Exploring the North - Nature - Eco Kids (issues, land, resources, water and wildlife)

(3) Exploring the North - Climate - Eco Kids (learn about climate change - it's causes and effects, adaptations and solutions)

(4) Exploring the North - People - Eco Kids (learn about lifestyle and knowledge)

(5) Northern Seasons - Eco Kids (explore a year in Canada's North; click on "Take the tour" to begin)

(6) Arctic Animals Adaptation Quiz - Eco Kids (test your knowledge of the North!)

(7) Northern Organisms Field Guide - Eco Kids (click on any of the plants or animals to learn more about them); also visit this page (note that not all of the animals listed are found in Canada's North) Animals Native to Canada - Canadian Geographic Kids

(8) NWT Mah-Jong Game (click on "Options" to select the NWT species at risk version)

(9) First Nations and Inuit - Eco Kids (learn about Aboriginal peoples in Canada - select from tribal groups, shelter, clothing, food and traditions)

(10) Canada's North Quizzes - Eco Kids (there's a quiz for people, one for climate and one for animals)

(11) Inuit Cultural Online Resource (excellent video podcasts including: throat singing, bannock making, making inuksuk, DIY bone + stick game, quilliq)

(12) Traditional Objects Made by the Inuit (scroll down to see more objects; click "View the complete asset" for more info about the object on the screen)

(13) Igloo Building 101 - National Geographic (3 min. video)

(14) Traditional Ice Fishing - National Geographic (3 min. video)

(15) Inuit - Modern vs Traditional Life (modern vs traditional: homes, food, lang entertainment, sports, travel, customs, education)

(16) The Face of Canada's North - 2Learn (assorted sites - some links may already be on this page)

(17) The Inuit - Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada

(18) Community Profiles - Statistics Canada (select a province/territory and then community to view data from the 2011 census)

(19) Visual Census - Statistics Canada (select a community, province or territory and click)

(20) Nunavut - Confederation - Gov't of Canada

(21) Nunavut - Gov't of Nunavut

(22) Nunavut Tourism (facts and info for travellers to Nunavut; be sure to click on the interactive map)

(23) City of Iqaluit

(24) Northwest Territories - Gov't of Northwest Territories

(25) Spectacular Northwest Territories

(26) Yukon - Gov't of Yukon

(27) Travel Yukon

(28) Provincial & Territorial Symbols - Heritage Canada (this is an online version of the books you'll use in class)

(29) Igloos - Canadian Encyclopedia


*Aurora Borealis - Aurora Page (photos of the Northern Lights/Aurora Borealis)

Sled Dog.JPG*Dog Sledding - Sled Dog Central

Dog Sledding - Mush Rush Game

Inuit Throat Singing - National Geographic

*A Game of Target Practice and Your Animal Self Game - Winnipeg Art Gallery

*Oral Storytelling /Oral Tradition - Winnipeg Art Gallery

Remember to use freeware on our school computers to work on the Canada Puzzle (practice naming and recognizing Canada's provinces and territories). Do you know all 3 territories?

  • = websites suggested by Manitoba Education to support the grade 4 S.S. curriculum

Light_Bulb.gifIn Our Opinion! (Jan. 2013)

Students were asked to consider what it would be like to like in Canada's North and what they would like about it and what they would not like about it. Here are their opinions!

Positive things about living in Canada's North:

-being able to see the animals (polar bears, seals, etc.)
-being able to use the fur and skins of animals for coats
-snowmobiling for 9 months of the year
-3 months of warmer weather would be a nice break (June, July and August)
-being able to try new things (e.g. eating polar bear meat, go dogsledding/racing)
-lots of dogs there

Challenges/negative things about living in Canada's North:

-being on sea ice (dangerous especially when it gets warmer!)
-too cold (very cold for a long time)
-for people that speak the Inuit language, it would be difficult to understand
-food and everything would be too expensive
-dangerous animals (e.g. foxes, polar bears)

Books.gifInfo for Teachers:

Canada's North - Gr. 4 S.S. Curriculum - Manitoba Education

Blackline Masters to Support the Curriculum - Manitoba Education

Through Mala's Eyes (document and resources; learn about traditional and modern ways of life)

Art and Photographs by Bern Will Brown

Timeline - NWT

Young Travellers ("Join a Dogrib family on their summer canoe trip up the Idaa Trail and learn about the important sites on this traditional travel route. Listen to the story, watch videos and try fun activities along the way.")

Young Travellers - Teacher's Guide