LComputer.pnginks for Learning

Churchill - Travel Manitoba

Town of Churchill Website

Everything Churchill Website

Port of Churchill Website

North Mart Store

Google Earth

Eco Kids Northern Organisms

Churchill Northern Studies Centre

Stats Canada - Census Profiles

Weather - Environment Canada



WHAT WE NOTICED ABOUT CHURCHILL, MANITOBA

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Students spent time browsing books and websites about Churchill as well as 'visiting' the area using Google Earth. Here are some of the things we noticed:

LAND

- rocks, hard, grasses, snow, ice/icy, hills, flat, some bumpy parts , tundra

PLANTS

- flowers, low plants/shrubs/bushes, moss, lichen, evergreens, no leafy trees, short grasses, weeds

ANIMALS

- polar bears, whales (belugas), Arctic fox, Arctic hare

BUILDINGS

- made of stone, wood, steel/metal, brick; low buildings, apartments, houses (some homes have backyards), hotels, train station, airport

TRANSPORTATION

- planes, trains (CN), ships, boats, airplanes, cars, bus, Tundra Buggy, snowmobiles, bikes, sled dogs

OTHER THINGS WE NOTICED

- people, fort, roads, Hudson Bay, ice and water, dock yard/ship yard



Question.pngOUR WONDERS (QUESTIONS) ABOUT CHURCHILL, MANITOBA

(Answers beginning with "*" are answers provided by our Churchill expert, Mr. Hutchins. We emailed him with the wonders that we weren't able to find answers for.)

PLANTS & ANIMALS

How many different kinds of animals live there?

*there are many species of animals that live in/near Churchill both in the water and on land) including birds (see below), polar bears, whales, caribou, moose, wolverine, martens, arctic fox, lemmings

What is the polar bear population? (How many are there?)

-900 to 1000

Do polar bears have sharp claws?

-yes, to catch prey and to walk on ice

How many different kinds of whales are found there?

-Beluga, Narwhal

*Orca whales have been showing up more frequently

Where do polar bears go to get seals?

-on the ice floes in Hudson Bay

How many seals are there?

-there are Bearded seals, Harbour seals, Ringed seals

How long can seals hold their breath?

-as long as 40 minutes but most come up for air after only a few minutes

How many baby seals are born at once?

- one pup

How many birds live there? What kinds of birds are popular?

*150-200 species of birds, including snowy owls, bald eagles, ptarmigan, sand hill cranes

-there are many birds in and around Churchill (more than 250 types) especially in June; some people travel there to go bird watching

-some birds around Churchill include: Gyrfalcons and Peregrine falcons, hawks, gulls, terns

Is there an animal living there that looks like a white squirrel?

-there is a type of weasel that lives there that sort of looks like a squirrel

What kinds of plants are there?

-there are many plants including: Arctic poppy (yellow), fireweed (pink),

-there are many short plants and bushes and evergreens

-the shrubs/plants blossom and bloom in the summer

Are there penguins?

-no, penguins live in the Antarctic

WEATHER/CLIMATE

What is the temperature in the summer and the winter?

-in the summer = 6 degrees C to 25 degrees C; winter = as cold as -45 degrees C

How cold is the water in Hudson Bay? Do they have beaches?

*nobody really swims in it; there's an annual relay race on Canada Day (July 1) called the Polar Bear Dip which is fun though; Hudson Bay is only a few degrees above zero in the summer (it melts in late spring); there are a few small beach areas that reveal themselves when the tide is out but not like in the south (no one stretches out for a tan or anything as in this area of Manitoba you really have to be polar bear aware - one could easily swim ashore at any point)


PEOPLE

How many people live there? (What’s the population)?

-the 2011 census says that 813 people lived in the Town of Churchill in 2011; about 55 of those were 5 to 9 years old

Can they grow their own food there?

*some people have greenhouses but they only yield small amounts of produce

Is everybody happy?

*the people that call Churchill home, the people that have lived here for decades, they do love it; it is peaceful, there isn't much crime, the people are friendly and it breeds a close knit community; there are some people that are posted in Churchill and don't really take advantage of the unique opportunities that Churchill offers and they end up staying for a short time; for those that stay, it's pretty easy to fall in love with

BUILDINGS

How many buildings are there?

*there are probably around 500 buildings in Churchill (residential, commercial and industrial included); the tallest building in town is the grain export terminal building (Churchill has an international port) which is probably 20 or so storeys tall

Is there a downtown?

*there is a small downtown area

TRANSPORTATION

Are there motorcycles there?

*like any town there are people with motorcycles; there are probably a dozen motorcycles (not including dirt bikes and ATVs)

Are there trains there? How many?

-trains are used to carry people and things to and from Churchill

-you can purchase a ticket through VIA Rail to get to Churchill

Do some people travel by canoe?

-some may use a canoe for recreation

-some may use a kayak (sort of like a canoe)

How long does it take for a plane to get there from Winnipeg, Manitoba?

-2 hours and 45 minutes on Calm Air

OTHER WONDERS

What do the houses look like there?

-similar to those in Winnipeg (single family homes, side-by-sides/duplexes), apartments

Do they have stores?

-yes there are stores but not a mall

-the Northern Store is on Kelsey Street, it is the biggest store in Churchill; you can buy groceries, clothes, toys and other things including snowmobiles there (it's a one stop shop!)

What kind of food do people eat there? Is there a specialty?

-the restaurants and store sell the same kinds of food that we eat in Winnipeg

-food costs more to buy because it's expensive to get it to Churchill (it has to be flown in or arrive by train)

-one of the restaurants in called Gypsy's

-local food includes Arctic char and elk

Is there a place for kids to take dance class?

-the Town Centre Complex offers lots of recreational opportunities (including a pool and ice rink)

Is there a place to play volleyball?

-yes, in the Town Centre Complex

Is there a place to go indoor rock climbing?

*yes, there is a small rock climbing structure in the indoor playground (but none outside)

Are there parks to play in?

-yes, one park is called Cookie Lady Park on Button St. and an indoor play area in the Town Centre Complex

Is there a McDonald's Restaurant or a Tim Horton's Restaurant in Churchill?

-no, the closest would be in Thompson, MB but there are a few places to eat and drink some have fast food type foods and some offer similar things that Tim's would (coffee, donuts, muffins, ...)



ANIMAL WONDERS

After reading the book, Princess, by Dennis Fast students listed animals found in and around Churchill. Each students selected an animal, recorded at least one wonder (question) in the arrow and then set about trying to answer the question (using books and websites). The answer to the question went in the fact box and then additional facts of interest to the student went in the other boxes. Sketches needed to be labelled and coloured using true colours. We have some fantastic researchers in Grade 1 + 2!

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POLAR BEARS

-have 42 sharp teeth

-have sharp claws

-have thick fur that looks white and keeps them warm

-eat seals, walruses, narwhals

-to hunt, it stays silent and still on a pack of ice for hours, waiting for prey to appear at their breathing hole

-in summer when pack ice begins melting, polar bears can't always find prey

-they sleep 7 or 8 hours a day

-they are one of the biggest bears on earth (tallest than the tallest person you know!)

-the male can weigh more than 600 kg (1320 lbs)

-their enemies are killer whales and humans


NARWHALS

-sometimes the female grows a horn

-they feed on squid and other sea creatures

-they whistle as a way to talk to one another

SEALS

-they eat fish

-the mother feeds her babies 5 to 6 times a day, her milk is 10 times richer than a cow's milk

BELUGA WHALES

-open their eyes under water

-breathe through their blow hole

-suck food into their mouth to eat

-eat 100 kinds of fish/marine animals including octopus and squid

-they are found in Hudson Bay

-they use their flippers to help steer as they swim


ARCTIC FOX

-it's a mammal

-they mate in the spring

-young foxes are called kits

-there are usually 6 - 8 kits in a litter

-they live up to 6 years in the wild

-in the fall and winter they have thick white fur; in summer they are brown and grey

-they are about the size of a small dog (up to 17 pounds)

-they eat some plants and animals including: lemmings, birds, fish; they also eat dead animals (they sometimes follow polar bears to get food - when the polar bear leaves the kill, the Arctic fox sneaks up for some meat)

-cubs are born underground in a den in summer


RED FOX

-eats almost anything including: insects, grasses, fruits like blueberries, mice

-have 4 to 9 babies at a time

-they are strong enough to leave the den when 1 month old

-live to be a our 12 years

-the male is called a dog and the female is called a vixen

-weighs as much as a small dog; they are bigger and heavier in northern areas compared to other areas

-they have a white tip at the end of their tail


ARCTIC WOLVES

-hunt and eat caribou, Arctic hare

-they can run fast

-they 'talk' to one another; their howls may tell one another where they are


ARCTIC HARES

-can run as fast as 60 km/hour

-they eat bark, leaves, twigs, berries, roots and mosses


CARIBOU

-males lock antlers

-new antlers grow every year

-males' antlers are bigger, heavier and stronger than females' antlers


PTARMIGAN

-in spring the female lays up to 10 eggs in a bare, hollow on the ground

-eats mainly leaves and shoots; berries in the fall

-change colours in different seasons (camouflage)


SNOWY OWLS

-blend in with the snowy Arctic

-they have white feathers with small brown or black spots as camouflage

-their legs and feet have feathers to keep them warm

-they grow to be about 20 inches tall

-females lay 3 to 15 eggs at a time

-live for about 9 years

-their favourite food is lemmings; they also eat rabbits, hares and ducks

-people are the biggest threat to snowy owls but foxes and dogs are on the list too







Our "Flat Stanley" Trip to Churchill, Manitoba

We finally have our permission slips signed for our 'filed trip' to Churchill, Manitoba. Sixty flat students from our 3 Gr. 1-2 classes were mailed to Churchill, Manitoba on May 27th! We can't wait to learn more about Churchill, Manitoba!

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Click on the pdf below to see photos from our Churchill "field trip".



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A few of the thank you notes our students created and mailed to Mr. Hutchins as thanks for hosting us while in Churchill!
















A Selection of Books Used to Support Our Learning

Needs and Wants: Lily Learns about Wants and Needs by Lisa Bullard

Flat Stanley: Flat Stanley: His Original Adventure by Jeff Brown

Non-fiction books: animals living near Churchill

Fiction/Non-fiction about polar bears and animals living in/near Churchill: Princess by Dennis Fast


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